A tooth fracture is a break or crack in the hard shell of the tooth. The outer shell of the tooth is called the enamel. It protects the softer inner pulp of the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels. That tooth enamel can withstand a lot of wear and tear. But as we live longer, and expose our teeth to stresses like clenching, grinding or chewing on hard objects, we can put our smiles at risk
A serious fracture is one that exposes both the dentin and the pulp tissue and should be treated promptly. The tooth may be displaced and loose, and the gums may bleed
The treatment of your fractured teeth depends on the type, location, and severity of the crack.
Cuspal Fracture: When a cusp or the pointed part of the chewing surface of your tooth becomes weakened, the cusp will fracture. Part of the cusp may break off or may need to be removed by our dentists.
Cracked Tooth: This type of crack extends from the chewing surface of the tooth vertically towards the root and sometimes below the gum line. A cracked tooth is not completely split into two distinct movable segments. If caught early enough, the tooth is usually crowned but endodontic therapy may be needed at a later date (typically in the first 6 months).
Split Tooth: A split tooth is a cracked tooth in which the crack has progressed so there are 2 distinct segments that can be separated from one another. Unfortunately, with today’s technology, a split tooth can never be saved intact.